Research Article

Transmission, Pathology, and Prevention Strategies of Hepatitis A Virus  

Jianhui Li
Hangzhou Lin'an Aikang Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Lin'an, 311300, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Pathogens, 2023, Vol. 14, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/mp.2023.14.0002
Received: 10 Aug., 2023    Accepted: 30 Oct., 2023    Published: 21 Nov., 2023
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Li J.H., 2023, Transmission, pathology, and prevention strategies of Hepatitis A Virus, Molecular Pathogens, 14(2): 1-13 (doi: 10.5376/mp.2023.14.0002)

Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV), a gastrointestinal virus primarily transmitted through food and water sources, poses a significant threat to global public health. HAV is mainly spread through the fecal-oral route, and transmission occurs in environments with contaminated food, unsafe drinking water, and poor sanitation. HAV infection damages liver cells and leads to a range of clinical symptoms, including jaundice, nausea, and fatigue. Prevention and control strategies for hepatitis A mainly encompass vaccination, health education, and improving environmental hygiene. Additionally, considering the distribution of HAV genotypes, tailored prevention and control strategies are necessary for different regions and populations. This review article aims to systematically summarize the transmission routes, pathological characteristics, and prevention strategies of HAV. It contributes to a deeper understanding of HAV transmission, pathological mechanisms, and multi-layered preventive measures, thus providing a scientific foundation for raising public awareness and strengthening disease prevention and control.

Keywords
Hepatitis A virus; Transmission routes; Pathological characteristics; Prevention strategies; Public health
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