Scientific Commentary

Ecological Niche Changes of Microbial Communities in the Tasman Sea: the Interaction between Temperature and Diversity  

Henry Smith
Molecular Microbiology Research, MicroSci Publisher, Richmond, BC, V7A 4Z5, Canada
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Microbiology Research, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   
Received: 28 Jan., 2024    Accepted: 16 Feb., 2024    Published: 25 Feb., 2024
© 2024 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

On January 24, 2024, Mark V. Brown, Martin Ostrowski, Lauren F. Messer, and others published a research paper titled "A marine heatwave drives significant shifts in polar microbiology" in the journal Communications Biology. Given the global trends and potential impacts of MHWs on marine ecosystems, this study analyzed the changes in microbial communities during the 2015/16 and 2017/18 Tasman Sea MHW events, revealing the impact of MHWs on microbial community structure, function, and niche status. Researchers used a large amount of microbial sample data from the southern hemisphere to systematically evaluate the selection pressure, community transformation, and diversity changes of MHWs on microbial communities through temperature index and niche indicators. The innovation and importance of this study lies in providing the world's first comprehensive framework for the impact of MHWs on microbial ecosystems, which helps to monitor, predict, and develop adaptation strategies for the future impact of MHWs on marine ecosystems.

Keywords
Tasman Sea; Microbial communities; Marine heatwave
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