Research Article

Tradition and Modernity: Evolution of China Liquor-making Technology  

Jiayao Chou
Institute of Life Science, Jiyang College of Zhejiang A&F University, Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Microbiology Research, 2023, Vol. 13, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/mmr.2023.13.0002
Received: 16 Nov., 2023    Accepted: 23 Nov., 2023    Published: 30 Nov., 2023
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Zhou J.Y., 2023, Tradition and modernity: evolution of China liquor-making technology, Molecular Microbiology Research, 13(2): 1-12 (doi: 10.5376/mmr.2023.13.0002)


This study provides a comprehensive review of the characteristics of liquor brewing. It introduces the status and history of liquor in Chinese culture, analyzes the background and significance of the liquor industry, and explores in detail the traditional and modern liquor brewing processes, with a focus on the key steps and technologies. Traditional liquor brewing involves five steps: steaming, fermenting, brewing, aging, and bottling, while modern techniques involve large-scale production and continuous operation to make liquor brewing more scientific and efficient. This review will discuss two different brewing methods, traditional brewing technology and modern industrialized production, and compare their advantages and disadvantages and development trends. The traditional traditional artisanal pays attention to the selection of raw materials and the control of processing process, which is complex in technique and requires a lot of labor and time costs. However, the produced liquor has mellow taste, rich aroma and long taste, and has high quality and cultural value. However, modern industrialized production mode pays attention to large-scale, standardized production process and automatic equipment, which can greatly reduce labor and time costs and improve production efficiency and output. However, the taste of liquor made from it is lower than that of traditional manual production mode, so more process improvement and innovation are needed. In addition, the study summarizes the current status and problems of liquor brewing technology and proposes future development trends, such as emphasizing environmentally friendly and sustainable practices, ensuring health and safety, and promoting intelligent development. As technology advances and market demands change, liquor brewing technology is continuously updated and upgraded. In the future, liquor brewing technology will focus more on environmentally friendly, healthy, safe, and intelligent development. This review comprehensively expounds the evolution of liquor brewing technology from traditional to modern, which has certain reference value for deeply understanding the development trend and cultural connotation of liquor industry.

Baijiu production; Process characteristics; Tradition and modernity; Technological innovation; Development trends
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